Economics

Grade Level
Mini Simulation
Economic Sanctions
How should the United States apply sanctions to influence a crisis abroad? Explore this hypothetical simulation.
Mini Simulation
Trade Policy
How should the United States leverage trade to respond when a rivalry between growing trade partners threatens regional stability? Explore this hypothetical simulation.
Book Guide
East Asian Economic Regionalism

In this book, Edward J. Lincoln examines economic regionalism in East Asia and its implications for U.S. policy in the region. Teaching notes by the author.

Book Guide
Regional Monetary Integration

In this book, CFR Senior Fellow Peter B. Kenen and Ellen E. Meade seek to explain why governments contemplate regional monetary integration and why some country groups are more likely than others to exercise that option, and to be successful at doing so. Teaching notes by the authors.

Book Guide
Financial Statecraft

In this book, CFR Senior Fellow Benn Steil and Robert E. Litan explore the efficacy of American efforts toward what they have coined "financial statecraft," or those aspects of economic statecraft directed at influencing international capital flows. Teaching notes by Dr. Steil.

Book Guide
God and Gold

In this book, CFR Senior Fellow Walter Russell Mead recounts how the British and their American heirs built an unrivaled global system of politics, power, investment, and trade over the past three hundred years. Teaching notes by the author.

Book Guide
More Money Than God

In this book, CFR Senior Fellow Sebastian Mallaby gives an insider’s view on the origin and evolution of hedge funds in the broader context of the history of modern finance through extensive research and numerous case studies. Teaching notes by the author.

Book Guide
The Battle of Bretton Woods

In this book, CFR Senior Fellow Benn Steil challenges the notion that Bretton Woods was the product of an amiable Anglo-American collaboration, and explains that it was in reality part of a much more ambitious geopolitical agenda aimed at eliminating Great Britain as an economic and political riv

Book Guide
Why Growth Matters

In this book, CFR Senior Fellow Jagdish N. Bhagwati and coauthor Arvind Panagriya argue that despite myriad development strategies, only one can succeed in alleviating poverty in India: the overall growth of the country’s economy. Teaching notes by Professor Bhagwati.

Book Guide
War by Other Means: Geoeconomics and Statecraft

Today, nations increasingly carry out geopolitical combat through economic means. Policies governing everything from trade and investment to energy and exchange rates are wielded as tools to win diplomatic allies, punish adversaries, and coerce those in between.

Book Guide
State Capitalism: How the Return of Statism is Transforming the World

In his new book, State Capitalism: How the Return of Statism is Transforming the World, Council on Foreign Relations Senior Fellow for Southeast Asia Joshua Kurlantzick analyzes the rise in state capitalism in developing nations, including China, Russia, Singapore, Thailand, Malaysia, In

Book Guide
The Globalization Myth: Why Regions Matter

In The Globalization Myth: Why Regions Matter, CFR Vice President, Deputy Director of Studies, and Nelson and David Rockefeller Senior Fellow for Latin America Studies Shannon K.

Essay and Discussion Questions
Trade High School Questions

Help students understand international trade through these essay and discussion questions.

Learning Journeys

A learning journey is a curated collection of resources that explore a topic from a specific perspective.

Learning Journey
How Does Trade Work?

Take a trip down the Silk Road and across centuries of global trade to learn how current practices still face the same historical challenges.

Learning Journey
Monetary Policy: Economic Statecraft

Explore this collection of learning resources to understand the various economic tools countries can use to help achieve their foreign policy goals.

Learning Journey
Trade: Trade Wars

Explore this collection of learning resources to understand trade relations between the United States and China.

Learning Journey
Trade: Policy

Explore this collection of learning resources to understand the ways in which trade can be used as part of foreign policy.

Learning Journey
Trade: Introduction

Explore this collection of learning resources to understand international trade.